What Are the Types of Prosthesis Used in Prosthetic Dentistry?
Although fixed and removable prostheses are generally used in prosthetic dental treatment, implant-supported prostheses can also be considered in this context:
Fixed Prostheses Fixed prostheses are a type of prosthesis made by taking support from existing healthy teeth or implants. These prostheses are fixed in the mouth with different chemicals. Some of the commonly used fixed prosthesis types can be listed as follows:
Veneer-Crown:Crown, also known as veneer, can be defined as the removal of factors that disrupt the integrity of the teeth caused by large caries and tooth fractures. Thus, the integrity of the person’s teeth is preserved and the functionality of the tooth is restored. In addition, the gaps between the teeth can be closed with a crown. Crown applications are made by fixing the veneer on the tooth after the tooth is slightly reduced.
Metal Supported Porcelain Veneer:Although the outer part of this type of prosthesis visible in the mouth is porcelain, the inside of the veneer consists of metal. Therefore, the light transmittance is low. Therefore, although metal-supported porcelain veneers are aesthetically beautiful, they can create problems in terms of naturalness. It is not recommended to be applied on the anterior teeth of patients with high aesthetic expectations.
Zirconium Supported Coating:Zirconium coatings with high light transmittance are the type of coating that is closest to the natural appearance in this respect. In these applications, also known as zirconium supported porcelain veneers, the visible part of the tooth consists of porcelain and the inner part consists of zirconium.
Ceramic Coating:Composite lamina or ceramic crown applications are made without the need to reduce the tooth too much. The process performed at this point can be referred to as eroding the tooth. There is no metal in the lower part of this type of coating. Ceramic coatings are produced from reinforced porcelain. It is known as the most aesthetically advanced coating type. With this aspect, it is frequently used especially for the restoration of anterior teeth.
Bridge:In the bridge treatment applied in cases where one or more teeth are lost, healthy teeth next to the existing tooth gap are used as bridge pillars. In bridge treatment, which can be done with different techniques such as traditional, winged and suspended, a prosthesis is applied to replace the lost tooth or tooth group. Thus, the functionality and aesthetics lost by the person are regained.