Orthodontics; It is a branch of dentistry that provides diagnosis, treatment and correct closure of teeth and mismatched jaw relationships. Dentists specializing in this field diagnose and treat tooth and jaw anomalies.

Orthodontic treatment is often used to straighten crooked teeth, improve a distorted jaw structure, and achieve a smooth bite. Although this treatment is mostly used for children and teenagers, it is also a good option for adults.

Why Do Orthodontic Problems Occur?

Jaw disorders; The front or back of the lower jaw is usually genetic. In this case, the treatment method is determined according to the age of the patient. If the patient is in adolescence and has a problem involving the upper or lower jaw, it can be treated with orthodontic methods. If the patient is an adult, severe skeletal disorders are treated with orthodontic-surgical cooperation.

Also due to dysfunctions; Jaw incompatibilities such as mouth breathing may occur. Since the upper jaw is usually narrow in a mouth breathing patient, it is V-shaped. Using a pacifier or bottle for a long time, thumb sucking, nail biting, etc. Such habits can also cause orthodontic disorders.

The Importance of Early Diagnosis and Early Treatment in Orthodontics

Orthodontic disorders should be treated as early as possible. Thus, skeletal deformity, which will be adversely affected by the use of a simple appliance, is prevented. If habits are recognized at an early age, they can be prevented with some habit-breaking appliances.

Skeletal stenosis in the upper jaw can be treated with the help of orthodontic appliances. Sometimes the individual inherits the jawbone dimensions from one parent and the tooth dimensions from the other. If the jaw is large and the tooth is small, the teeth are spaced or vice versa. The larger than normal tongue and the presence of extracted tooth cavities in the mouth also cause the teeth to be spaced.

If the jawbone is small and the teeth are large, the teeth cannot fit into the jaw and crowding occurs. Another cause of crooked teeth is early or late deciduous tooth loss. Every milk tooth has a falling out time. For example, if a milk tooth that should fall out at the age of 10 falls out at the age of 8, the other teeth in the mouth will slide into this gap and the tooth that needs to come out cannot find a place for itself. In this case, this tooth begins to erupt on the outer or inner side of the tooth arch, or in some cases remains impacted.

How Are Orthodontic Problems Treated?

Orthodontic treatment is usually performed using corrective devices such as false appliances-brackets, wires or plates. These devices apply pressure to move the teeth and achieve the desired alignment. The course of treatment can usually take from a few months to several years because every patient is different and varies depending on their treatment needs.

Orthodontics deals with functional issues such as chewing, speech and jaw health, as well as obtaining a more aesthetically pleasing smile. At the end of the treatment, oral health and overall quality of life are increased by ensuring correctly aligned teeth and a proper jaw relationship.

Orthodontic Treatment Methods and Applications

Brackets – Attachments

Metal or ceramic brackets are small retainers that are attached to the surface of the teeth. Used with wire and elastic bands, they apply pressure to straighten and align teeth. The brackets may be made of transparent ceramic materials, which provides a more aesthetic appearance than traditional metal brackets.

Wire Treatment

The wire attached to the brackets is regularly replaced between the teeth, allowing the teeth to move. This method of treatment plays a key role in the alignment and correction process.

Transparent Plates

Transparent plaque treatment aims to straighten teeth using specially prepared, removable and transparent plaques. Plaques are placed on the teeth and worn for certain periods of time. As the treatment progresses, the movement of the teeth is ensured by using new plates.

Functional Appliances

These appliances are used to correct the jaw relations and to ensure the harmony between the lower and upper jaws. They are generally used in children whose jaw development is still ongoing.

Face Masks

Face masks are used in the treatment of a retracted upper jaw that affects the lower jaw and the development of teeth. The masks are fixed on the head and face area and stimulate the growth of the chin by applying pressure in a certain direction.

The orthodontic treatment method is determined depending on the patient’s tooth and jaw structure, the targeted result and personal preferences. The orthodontist determines the appropriate treatment method during the diagnosis and evaluation phase. Treatment duration and success rate may vary depending on the complexity of the treatment, individual responses, and patient compliance.

As Dentist Begüm Arabacı and her expert team, we determine the most suitable treatment and applications for you in our clinic located in Istanbul Kadıköy Suadiye, we aim to give you the best results by keeping your oral and dental health in the foreground.


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